Measuring Māori children's wellbeing, 2019
This paper considers whether a fuller picture of the lived realities of Māori children can be gained from routinely collected data, using a lens of tamariki Māori wellbeing. A mauri framing for the indicator set is proposed, with three components reflecting the ihi, wehi and wana of tamariki. This paper is intended as a resource that can inform discussion of Māori-centric indicators of Māori children’s wellbeing as individuals, within the context of whānau and wider society.
Citation: Cram, F. (2019). Measuring Māori children's wellbeing: A discussion paper. MAI Journal, 8(1), 16-32. doi:10.20507/MAIJournal.2019.8.1.2
Measuring Māori wellbeing, 2014
This paper describes developments in the culturally responsive measurement of Māori wellbeing. These have culminated in Te Kupenga, the 2013 survey of Māori wellbeing by New Zealand Statistics, and two Māori mental wellbeing assessment tools, Hua Oranga and the Meihana Model. Gaps remain in the measurement of collective Māori wellbeing, or whānau ora, with individual reporting on whānau wellbeing currently being used as a proxy. The close involvement of Māori in the development of any wellbeing measure is essential for that measure to be culturally responsive and valid.
Citation: Cram, F. (2014). Measuring Māori wellbeing: A commentary. MAI Journal: A New Zealand Journal of Indigenous Scholarship, 3(1), 18- 32.
What works for Māori, 2012
The purpose of this review was to study evidence from five major domains (economic development, education, health, whānau and wellness) to identify a common set of interventions, initiatives, approaches and practices that increases understanding of what helps Māori succeed or improve outcomes in life.
Citation: Williams, L.R.T. & Cram, F. (2012). What works for Māori - Synthesis of selected literature. Wellington: Department of Corrections.
Safety of subsequent children, 2012
This paper considers what can be done to: assist families to overcome their complex issues so subsequent children are not at risk, and prevent subsequent children coming into families (while parents are still addressing their complex issues). Māori children belong to whānau, hapū and iwi and, as such, responsibility for raising children falls beyond the bounds of their immediate family. The roles and responsibilities of these childrearing networks include the transmission of cultural mores and monitoring of child safety. Unfortunately, and for often complex reasons, not all whānau are safe places for children in their care and Māori whānau are over-represented in the welfare system, including child-removal statistics. This paper seeks to understand the confluence of factors that place Māori whānau at risk within our society and how these whānau can be supported in their parenting aspirations, especially if they have already had a child removed by Child, Youth and Family (CYF).
Citation: Cram, F. (2012). Safety of subsequent children - Māori children and whānau. A review of selected literature. Wellington: Families Commission.
Kaitoko Whānau evaluation, 2011
The evaluation of the Kaitoko Whānau programme was undertaken in 2011. Eleven host organisations, their Kaitoko Whānau, key community support people and agencies, and whānau were interviewed about the implementation of, and outcomes from, the programme.
Citation: Kennedy, V., Paipa, K. & Cram, F. (2011). Evaluation of the Kaitoko Whānau initiative. A report prepared for Te Puni Kōkiri. Auckland: Katoa Ltd.