In the last writer’s toolkit post I talked about using a Hollywood drama writing process to draft up an abstract for a report or proposal or any other piece of writing you may be tackling. The idea of getting an abstract, or short summary, written is to clarify what it is that you’ll be writing about. This will help you stay focused. This post is about turning that abstract into a table of contents that provides you with some structure to write to. Let’s first look at my abstract again.
The Health Practitioners Competence Assurance Act 2003 requires health practitioners to be both clinically and culturally competent, although it does not provide a clear definition of cultural competence. A question therefore remains about what fully competent healthcare looks like. A three-hour hui (meeting) with 10 Māori health practitioners provided a forum for the discussion of the links between their clinical and cultural competencies in their delivery of health care to patients and whānau(family). Whakawhanaungatanga (the process of establishing relationships) was pivotal to their health care practice models. The practitioners used terms coined by Mason Durie to describe patients’ journeys as beginning with engagement or whakapiri, where practitioners being Māori was most important for patients. In the next part of patients’ journey, cultural and clinical skills meshed to facilitate patients’ coping and sense of control over their journey and their healing; that is, whakamana. In the long-term practitioners worked with patients to facilitate their mana motuhake; their independence and inter-dependence. At every part of patients’ journey the practitioners built their relationship with patients, and facilitated patients’ ability to build relationships with their own whānau. It was concluded that clinical and cultural competency were not two separate skills; rather they intertwined with practitioners delivering clinical care within their Māori worldview to patients and whānau who engaged with them as Māori, and as whānau.
I want my research report to be fairly traditional; that is, it’ll contain an introduction, methods section, findings section, discussion and conclusions, and possibly recommendations. Then at the beginning it may have a 1-2 page executive summary.