recent Publications

2021

Cram, F. & Adcock, A. Indigenous ways of knowing and participatory research. In D. Burns, J. Howard & S.M. Ospina (Eds.) (2021-forthcoming) The SAGE Handbook of Participatory Research and Enquiry, 55 City Road, London: SAGE Publications Ltd.

2020

Chouinard, Jill & Cram, Fiona (2020). Culturally responsive approaches to evaluation. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Cram, F. & Munro, M. (2020). Life when renting for older Māori. AlterNative: An International Journal of Indigenous Peoples, 16(1), 64-75.

Filoche, S., Stone, P., Cram, F., Bacharach, S., Dowell, A., Sika-Paotonu, D., Beard, A., Ormandy, J., Buchanan, C., Thunders, M. & Dew, K. (2020). Uncovering social structures and informational prejudices to reduce inequity in delivery and uptake of new molecular technologies. Journal of Medical Ethics. Epub ahead of print: doi:10.1136/medethics-2019-105734. Also read the associated blog post here.

James, B.L., Bates, L., Coleman, T.M., Kearns, R. & Cram, F. (2020). Tenure insecurity, precarious housing and hidden homelessness among older renters in New Zealand. Housing Studies. https://doi.org/10.1080/02673037.2020.1813259

Lawton, B., Heffernan, M., Wurtak, G., Steben, M., Lhaki, P., Cram, F., Blas, M., Hibma, M., Adcock, A., Stevenson, K., Whop, L., Brotherton, J. & Garland, S.M. (2020). IPVS Policy Statement addressing the burden of HPV disease for Indigenous peoples. Papillomavirus Research, 9, 100191.

MacDonald, E.J., Geller, S., Sibanda, N., Stevenson, K., Denmead, L., Adcock, A., Cram, F., Hibma, M., Sykes, P. & Lawton, B. (2020). Reaching under-screened/never-screened indigenous peoples with human papilloma virus self-testing: A community-based cluster randomised controlled trial. Aust NZ J Obstet Gynaecol. DOI: 10.1111/ajo.13285

Stevenson, K., Cram, F., Filoche, S. & Lawton, B. (2020). Impact on whānau wellbeing of transfer to secondary or tertiary hospitals after a disruption to the birthing journey. MAI Journal – A New Zealand Journal of Indigenous Scholarship, 9(2), 121-132. DOI: 10.20507/MAIJournal.2020.9.2.3.

Wilson, D., Crengle, S. & Cram, F. (2020). Improving the quality of mortality review equity reporting: Development of an Indigenous Māori responsiveness rubric. International Journal for Quality in Health Care. https://doi.org/10.1093/intqhc/mzaa084

2019

Adams, D.H., Wilson, S., Heavy Head, R., Cram, F. & Gordon, E.W. (2019). Bridges to "Ceremony at a Boundary Fire": A story of Indigenist knowledge. In E. Armour-Thomas, C. McCallister, A.W. Boykin & E.W. Gordon (Eds.), Human variance and assessment for learning. pp. xiii-xxvi (Foreword). Chicago: Third World Press Foundation.

Adcock, A., Cram, F., Lawton, B., Geller, S., Hibma, M., Sykes, P., MacDonald, E. J., Dallas‐Katoa, W., Rendell, B., Cornell, T., Mataki, T., Rangiwhetu, T., Gifkins, N. and Hart, S. (2019), Acceptability of self‐taken vaginal HPV sample for cervical screening among an under‐screened Indigenous population. Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol, 59, 301–307. doi:10.1111/ajo.12933

Adcock, A., Storey, F., Lawton, B., Bennett, M., Lambert, C., Edmonds, L., Stevenson, K., Geller, S. & Cram, F. (2019). He Korowai Manaaki: mapping assets to inform a strength-based, Indigenous-led wrap-around maternity pathway. Australian Journal of Primary Care - https://doi.org/10.1071/PY19029. Published online: 21 October 2019.

Cram, F. (2019). Measuring Māori children's wellbeing: A discussion paper. MAI Journal, 8(1), 16-32. doi:10.20507/MAIJournal.2019.8.1.2

Cram, F., Te Huia, B., Te Huia, T., Williams, M.M. & Williams, N. (2019). Oranga and Māori Health Inequities, 1769-1992. Prepared for the Ministry of Health. Download from the Ministry of Justice here.

Francis, H., Carryer, J., & Cram, F. (2019). Consulting with Māori experts to ensure mainstream health research is inclusive of Māori. Nursing Praxis in New Zealand, 35(3), 7-14. doi: 10.36951/NgPxNZ.2019.010

Short, J., Cram, F., Roguski, M., Smith, R. & Koziol-McLain, J. (2019). Thinking differently: Re-framing family violence responsiveness in the mental health and addictions health care context. International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, 28, 1206-1216. doh:10.1111/inm.12641.

2018

Adcock, A., Cram, F. & Lawton, B. (2018). E Hine: Young Māori women's journeys through pregnancy, birth, and motherhood. In D. Akella (Ed.). Socio-cultural influences on teenage pregnancy and contemporary prevention measures. Hershey, PA: IGI Global. pp. 250-272. Request this chapter

Cram, F. (2018). Conclusion: Lessons about Indigenous evaluation. In F. Cram, K. A. Tibbetts, & J. LaFrance (Eds.), Indigenous Evaluation. New Directions for Evaluation. 159, 119–131.

Cram, F. & Hopson, R. (2018). Digging deeper to engage wicked problems through evaluation. In R. Hopson & F. Cram (Eds.), Tackling wicked problems in complex ecologies: The role of evaluation. (pp. 234-256). Redwood City, CA: Stanford University Press.

Cram, F., LaFrance, J. & Tibbetts, K. (2018). Editors’ notes: A stepping stone in Indigenous evaluation. Indigenous Evaluation. New Directions for Evaluation, 159, 7-16. Request this chapter

Cram, F., Pipi, K. & Paipa, K. (2018). 4. Kaupapa Māori evaluation in Aotearoa New Zealand. New Directions for Evaluation - Indigenous Evaluation, 159, 63-77. Request this chapter

Cram, F., Stevenson, K., Geller, S., MacDonald, E.J. & Lawton, B. (2018). A qualitative inquiry into women's experiences of severe maternal morbidity. Kotuitui: New Zealand Journal of Social Sciences Online.

Cram, F., Vette, M., Wilson, M., Vaithianathan, R., Maloney, T. & Baird, S. (2018). He Awa Whiria - Braided Rivers: Understanding the outcomes from Family Start for Māori. Evaluation Matters - He Take Tō Te Aromatawai, 4, 165-206.

Dhunna, S., Lawton, B. & Cram, F. (2018). An affront to her mana: Young Māori mothers’ experiences of intimate partner violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. First Published On-line December 17, 2018. Request this paper.

Filoche, S., Cram, F., Beard, A., Sim, D., Geller, S., Edmonds, L., Robson, B. & Lawton, B. (2018). He Tamariki Kokoti Tau-Tackling Preterm: A data-linkage methodology to explore the clinical care pathway in preterm deliveries. BMC Health Services Research, 18:374.

Hopson, R. & Cram, F. (2018). (Editors) Tackling wicked problems in complex ecologies: The role of evaluation. Redwood City, CA: Stanford University Press.

Hopson, R. & Cram, F. (2018). Tackling wicked problems in complex evaluation ecologies. In R. Hopson & F. Cram (Eds.), Tackling wicked problems in complex ecologies: The role of evaluation. (pp. 3-24). Redwood City, CA: Stanford University Press.

Trotman, R., Cram, F., Samu, T., Becroft, M., Theodore, R., Trinick, T. with Pt England Primary School, Manaiakalani, Sylvia Park School, Rise UP Trust, He Puna Marama Trust, Oceania Careers Academy & High Tech Youth (2018). Investing in ‘success’ as Māori and Pacific: The collaborative development of Ngā Tau Tuangahuru, a longitudinal study. Evaluation Matters - He Take Tō Te Aromatawai, 4, 87-100.

Wilson, M. & Cram, F. (2018). Predictive modelling in child welfare – A feasibility study. In M. Tolich & C. Davidson (Eds.), Social science research in New Zealand. Auckland: Auckland University Press. pp.233-248.

2017

Cram, F. (2017). Book Review: Brisolara, S., Seigart, D., & SenGupta, S. (Eds.). (2014). Feminist Evaluation and Research: Theory and Practice. New York, NY: Guilford Press. American Journal of Evaluation, 38(1), 151-155. Find it online

Cram, F. (2017). Kaupapa Māori health research. In P. Liamputtong (Ed.), Handbook of research methods in health and social sciences. Singapore: Springer.

Cram, F. & Cram, A. (2017). Wāhine Activate: Evaluation of a service for young Māori mothers. Prepared for the Ministry of Social Development. Auckland: Katoa Ltd.

Filoche, S.K., Cram, F., Lawton, B.A., Beard, A. & Stone, P. (2017). Implementing non-invasive prenatal testing into a publicly funded antenatal screening services for Down syndrome and other conditions. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 17, 344.

Henwood, C., George, J., Cram, F., & Waititi, H. (2017). Rangatahi Māori and youth justice: Oranga rangatahi. Prepared for Iwi Chairs, with the assistance of Henwood Trust, New Zealand Law Foundation, Todd Foundation. Find the report here

2016

Adcock, A., Lawton, B. & Cram, F. (2016). E Hine: talking about Māori teen pregnancy with government groups. AlterNative: An International Journal of Indigenous Peoples, 12(4), 380-395. DOI: 10.20507/AlterNative.2016.12.4.4. Request a copy

Cram, F. (2016). Older Māori: Downsizing experiences, outcomes and needs. Report on the Māori case study for the 'Finding the Best Fit: Housing, Downsizing and Older People in a Changing Society' research project. Auckland: Katoa Ltd. Find it here

Cram, F. (2016). Lessons on decolonizing evaluation from Kaupapa Māori evaluation. Canadian Journal of Program Evaluation, 30.3 (Special Issue), 296-312. Request a copy

Cram, F. & Mertens, D.M. (2016). Negotiating solidarity between Indigenous and transformative paradigms in evaluation. Evaluation Matters - He Take Tō Te Aromatawai, 2, 161-189.

Lawton, B., Makowharemahihi, C., Cram, F., Robson, B., & Ngata, T. (2016). E Hine: Access to contraception for Indigenous Māori teenage mothers. Journal of Primary Health Care, 8(1), 52-59.

Mertens, D.M. & Cram, F. (2016). Integration tensions and possibilities. Indigenous research and social transformation. International Review of Qualitative Research, 9(2), 185-191.

Stevenson, K., Filoche, S., Cram, F. & Lawton, B. (2016). Lived realities: Birthing experiences of Māori women under 20 years of age. AlterNative: An International Journal of Indigenous Peoples, 12(2), 124-137.

2015

Cram, F. (2015). Harnessing global social justice and social change with multiple and mixed method research. In S.N. Hesse- Biber & R.B. Johnson (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Mixed and Multiple Methods Research. New York: Oxford University Press. pp.667-687.

Cram, F., Cram, A. & Greening, T. (2015). Green Prescription (GRx) Maternal Nutrition: Evaluation report. Prepared by Katoa Ltd for Hawke’s Bay District Health Board.

Cram, F., Gulliver, P., Ota, R. & Wilson, M. (2015). Understanding overrepresentation of Indigenous children in child welfare data: An application of the Drake risk and bias models. Child Maltreatment, 20(3), 170-182. Request a copy

Cram, F., Kennedy, V., Paipa, K., Pipi, K. & Wehipeihana, N. (2015). Being culturally responsive through Kaupapa Maori evaluation. In S. Hood, R. Hopson & H. Frierson (Eds.), Continuing the journey to reposition culture and cultural context in evaluation theory and practice. For the Evaluation and Society Book Series. Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing. pp.289-312.

Cram, F. & Mertens, D. (2015). Transformative and Indigenous frameworks for mixed and multi method research. In S.N. Hesse- Biber & R.B. Johnson (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Mixed and Multiple Methods Research. New York: Oxford University Press. pp.99-109.

Cram, F., Sauni, P., Kennedy, V., Field, A., McKegg, A., & Pipi- Takoko, M. (2015). InZone Project evaluation: Evaluation report. Auckland: Centre for Social Impact.

Kennedy, V., Cram, F., Paipa, K., Pipi, K., Baker, M., Porima, L., Sauni, P. & Tuagalu, C. (2015). Beginning a conversation about spirituality in Māori and Pasifika evaluation. In S. Hood, R. Hopson & H. Frierson (Eds.), Continuing the journey to reposition culture and cultural context in evaluation theory and practice. For the Evaluation and Society Book Series. Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing. pp.151-178.

Kennedy, V., Cram, F., Paipa, K., Pipi, K. & Baker, M. (2015). Wairua and cultural values in evaluation. Evaluation Matters—He Take Tō Te Aromatawai, 1, 83-111.

Paipa, K., Cram, F., Kennedy, V., & Pipi, K. (2015). Culturally responsive methods for family centered evaluation. In S. Hood, R. Hopson & H. Frierson (Eds.), Continuing the journey to reposition culture and cultural context in evaluation theory and practice. For the Evaluation and Society Book Series. Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing. pp.313-334.

2014

Blank, A., Cram, F., Dare, T., De Hann, I., Smith, B. & Vaithianathan, R. (2014). Ethical issues for Māori in predictive risk modelling to identify new-born children who are at high risk of future maltreatment. Paper prepared for the Ministry of Social Development, Wellington.

Cram, F. (2014). Improving Māori access to health care: Research report. Auckland: Katoa Ltd.

Cram, F. (2014). Improving Māori access to cancer, diabetes and cardiovascular health care: Key informant interviews. Auckland: Katoa Ltd.

Cram, F. (2014). Improving Māori access to cancer health care: Literature review. Auckland: Katoa Ltd.

Cram, F. (2014). Improving Māori access to diabetes health care: Literature review. Auckland: Katoa Ltd.

Cram, F. (2014). Improving Māori access to cardiovascular health care: Literature review. Auckland: Katoa Ltd.

Cram, F. (2014). Measuring Māori wellbeing: A commentary. MAI Journal: A New Zealand Journal of Indigenous Scholarship, 3(1), 18- 32.

Cram, F. (2014). Tuahiwi: Whaia i te mana me te mauri. A report prepared for Ngāti Kahungunu Iwi Incorporated. Auckland: Katoa Ltd.

Cram, F., Phillips, H., Sauni, P. & Tuagalu, C. (Eds.), (2014). Māori and Pasifika higher education horizons. H.T. Frierson (Series Ed.), Diversity in higher education. New Milford, CT: Emerald Books.

Cram, F., Sauni, P., Tuagalu, C. & Phillips, H. (2014). He mihi mutunga - Closing words. In F. Cram, H. Phillips, P. Sauni & C. Tuagalu. (Eds.), Māori and Pasifika higher education horizons. H.T. Frierson (Series Ed.), Diversity in higher education. New Milford, CT: Emerald Books.

Makowharemahihi, C., Lawton, B., Cram, F., Ngata, T., Brown, S. & Robson, B. (2014). Initiation of maternity care for young Māori women <20 years of age. New Zealand Medical Journal, 127 (1393).

Phillips, H., Cram, F., Sauni, P. & Tuagalu, C. (2014). Whaia i te maramatanga - Seek knowledge. In F. Cram, H. Phillips, P. Sauni & C. Tuagalu. (Eds.), Māori and Pasifika higher education horizons. H.T. Frierson (Series Ed.), Diversity in higher education. New Milford, CT: Emerald Books.

2013

Cram, F. (2013). He Rangahau Kaupapa Māori: A guide to undertaking a Kaupapa Māori research project. Auckland: Katoa Ltd.

Cram, F., Chilisa, B. & Mertens, D. (2013). The journey begins. In D Mertens, F. Cram & B. Chilisa (Eds.), Indigenous pathways into social research - Voices of a new generation. Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press.

Cram, F., Kennedy, V., Kelly-Hepi Te Huia, M. & Paipa, K. (2013). Background papers: Māori medium Initial Teacher Education Outcomes. Graduate profile & Effective practicum and induction experiences. Prepared for the Ministry of Education. Auckland: Katoa Ltd.

Cram, F., Paipa, K., Hona, D. & Cram, A. (2013). Evaluation of ‘Ka Hao te Rangatahi’. A report prepared for the Napier City Council. Auckland: Katoa Ltd.

Jones, B., Ingham, T.R., Cram, F., Dean, S. & Davies, C. (2013). An Indigenous approach to exploring health-related experiences among Māori parents: The Pukapuka Hauora asthma study. BMC Public Health, 13:228 (15 March 2013).

Lawton, B., Cram, F., Makowharemahihi, C., Ngata, T., Robson, B., Brown, S. & Campbell, W. (2013). Developing a Kaupapa Māori research project to help reduce health disparities experienced by young Māori women and their babies. AlterNative - An International Journal of Indigenous Peoples, 9(3), 246-261.

Mertens, D.M., Cram, F. & Chilisa, B.(2013) (Eds.) Indigenous pathways into social research - Voices of a new generation. Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press.

2012

Cram, F. (2012). Avaliação, relevância e dinâmica de poder. A Relevância da Avaliação para o Investimento Social Privado. São Paulo: Fundação Santillana.

Cram, F. (2012). Safety of subsequent children - Māori children and whānau. A review of selected literature. Wellington: Families Commission.

Cram, F. & Phillips, H. (2012). Claiming interstitial space for multicultural, transdisciplinary research through community-up values. International Journal of Critical Indigenous Studies, 5(2), 36-49.

Williams, L.R.T. & Cram, F. (2012). What works for Māori - Synthesis of selected literature. Wellington: Department of Corrections.

2011

Cram, F. (2011). Poverty. In T. McIntosh & M. Mulholland (Eds.), Māori and social issues. Wellington: Huia.

Cram, F. (2011). Technical Report - Education workforce census. Paper prepared for the Ministry of Education, October 2011. Auckland: Katoa Ltd.

Cram, F. (2011). Whānau Ora & Action Research. Paper prepared for Te Puni Kōkiri, June 2011. Auckland: Katoa Ltd.

Cram, F. & Kennedy, V. (2011). Kaupapa service delivery - HPC options paper. Prepared by Katoa Ltd on behalf of the Hauora Provider Council. Prepared for Hawke's Bay District Health Board, March 2011.

Cram, F. & Ormond, A. (2011). Vulnerable Pregnant Women's Multidisciplinary Team, Hawke's Bay District Health Board. Evaluation Report. Prepared for the Hawke's Bay District Health Board, December 2011. Auckland: Katoa Ltd.

Kennedy, V., Paipa, K. & Cram, F. (2011). Evaluation of the Kaitoko Whānau initiative. A report prepared for Te Puni Kōkiri. Auckland: Katoa Ltd.

Wehipeihana, N., Oakden, J., Spee, K., Cram, F., Pipi, K. & Porima, L. (2011). Evaluation of the Maori oral health providers project. Wellington: Ministry of Health.

2010

Cram, F. (2010). Appreciative inquiry. MAI Review, Issue 3, Article 4.

Cram, F. (2010). Embedding health equity. A report prepared in March 2010 for Hawke's Bay District Health Board. Auckland: Katoa Ltd.

Cram, F. (2010). Evaluation of the BaSAC (Building a Strategic Alliance Consortium) Project, 2010. A report prepared in July 2010 for the Taitokerau Iwi Chief Executive Consortium. Auckland: Katoa Ltd.

Cram, F. (2010). Health Impact Assessment & Whānau Ora Health Impact Assessment. A guide for Hawke's Bay District Health Board. Prepared in October 2010 for Hawke's Bay District Health Board. Auckland: Katoa Ltd.

Cram, F. (2010). PHARMAC and Māori Responsiveness. Policies, procedures and outcomes. A report prepared in May 2010 for PHARMAC, Wellington.

Cram, F. (2010). Shifting Māori health needs: Maori population trends, health service needs, and medical workforce requirements - issues arising. Research paper. Wellington: Ministry of Health.

Cram, F. & Kennedy, V. (2010). Researching with whānau collectives. MAI Review, Issue 3, Article 1.

Cram, F., Oakden, J. & Wehipeihana, N. (2010). Future directions for a Māori dental therapy workforce. Wellington: Ministry of Health.

Cram, F. & Paipa, K. (2010). Whānau Social Assistance Programme. Evaluation framework – Maara Kai, Kaitoko Whānau, Oranga Whānau. Part 3. Programme description & expanded intervention logics. Report prepared for Te Puni Kōkiri, Wellington by Katoa Ltd, April 2010.

Cram, F., Prendergast, TA, Taupo, K., Phillips, H. & Parsons, M. (2010). Traditional knowledge and decision-making: Māori involvement in aquaculture and biotechnology. In J.S. Te Rito & Healy, S.M. (Eds.), Proceedings of the Traditional Knowledge Conference 2008. Te Tatau Pounamu: The Greenstone Door. June 8-11, 2008, Auckland, New Zealand. Te Pae o te Maramatanga: Auckland. pp.147-157.

Jones, B., Ingham, T., Davies, C. & Cram, F. (2010). Whānau Tuatahi: Māori community partnership research using a Kaupapa Māori methodology. MAI Review, Issue 3.

Kennedy, V. & Cram, F. (2010). Ethics of researching with whānau collectives. MAI Review, Issue 3, Article 2.

Quigley, R., Murphy, C. & Cram, F. (2010). Whānau Ora Health Impact Assessment of the cultural and clinical nursing support and training programme. Prepared for the Hawke’s Bay District Health Board.